Spring Warmth Arrives Early: March 2016 Recap
New Jersey State Climatologist
Center for Environmental Prediction, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences/NJAES, Rutgers University
April 4, 2016
Mild and dry conditions prevailed throughout the Garden State during most of March. This included record-breaking early-season warmth, only one event that dropped more than an inch of rain over multiple locations, and a few minor forest fires. There were also two episodes of measurable snow that focused on coastal counties and 11 days where winds gusted to 40 mph or higher somewhere in the state. The statewide average temperature of 46.7° was 5.6° above the 1981–2010 average. This ranks as the 6th mildest March since 1895 (Table 1). Precipitation averaged 2.09”. This is 2.14” below normal and ranks as the 13th driest March (Table 2).
|Rank||Year||March Avg. Temp.|
Table 1. Top ten mildest NJ Marches since 1895.
|Rank||Year||March Avg. Precip.|
Table 2. Top 15 driest NJ Marches since 1895.
March snowfall average 2.4” across the state, which is 1.9” below average. Northern counties saw only 0.8”, which is 5.3” below normal, while the central portion of the state received 1.6” (3.3” below normal). The southern counties were the winners, averaging 0.7” above normal at 3.7”. While snow may fall in April (the morning of April 3rd saw 2.7” at Highland Lakes [Sussex County]), a look at what are likely close to the final seasonal totals includes a statewide average of 27.9”, which is 1.8” above normal. North Jersey took it on the chin, with an average of 26.3”, some 8.4” below average. Central NJ was the winner at 31.0”, 4.0” above normal. Meanwhile the south Jersey total of 27.1” exceeded that of the north, even in an absolute sense, and was 7.1” above normal.
On occasion, the thermometer reminded us that despite this being a much milder-than-normal month, with the growing season as much as 10 days to two weeks ahead of normal, there was still some cold air that could arrive from the north. On 13 days the lowest temperatures fell to 25° or below at one or more locations. This included the first seven days of the month, beginning with High Point Monument (Sussex) falling to 23° on the 1st and the nearby High Point (Sussex) station at 25°. These two stations reached 17° and 19°, respectively, on the 2nd. They came in at 14° and 15° on the 3rd, when 51 of the 59 NJWxNet stations were 25° or colder. West Cape May (Cape May) was mildest at 29°. The 4th saw the Monument at 16° and High Point 17°. The 5th found Walpack (Sussex) down to 14° and Pequest (Warren) and High Point Monument 16°. This was the last day of the month with every NJWxNet station at some point below the freezing mark. The 6th saw Walpack down to 16° and Pequest 19°, while Atlantic City Marina (Atlantic) only fell to 34°. Walpack was 19° and three stations 20° on the 7th.
Walpack bottomed out at 23° on the 12th, with Pequest at 24° and Berkeley Township (Ocean) 25°. On the 19th, Walpack reached 20° and three stations 24°. High Point Monument was 20° on the 20th, with Walpack and High Point at 21°. Walpack and High Point dropped to 23° on the 21st, with Walpack 19° and three other stations 22° on the 22nd. The 30th brought a low of 18° to Walpack and 19° at both Pequest and Berkeley Township.
Impressive warmth enveloped much of New Jersey on 11 March afternoons. Except near the coast, where the slow-to-warm water helped keep air temperatures in the 50°s and 60°s, the 70° mark was eclipsed on at least one day. This even included High Point Monument, where it got up to 74°on the 9th. The 70° warmth arrived on the 8th, with Sicklerville (Camden) up to 76° and six stations at 75°. In some locations, the 9th and 10th were the two warmest days for so early in the season since at least the late 1800’s. The 9th found Sicklerville, Hamilton (Mercer), and Toms River (Ocean) topping out at 83°, followed by 27 NJWxNet stations between 80°–82°. Harvey Cedars (Ocean) only made it up to 57° that day, while Walpack ranged from a morning low of 29° to an afternoon high of 80°. The 10th was slightly warmer. Sicklerville reached 84°, with six stations at 83° and 25 between 80°–82°. The sea breeze took longer to develop on the 10th, thus coastal temperatures topped out higher, with Bivalve (Cumberland) having the coolest maximum at 66°. Remarkably, Oceanport (Monmouth) and Point Pleasant (Ocean) had warm daily lows of 61° and 60°, respectively, on the 9th. The back-to-back 82° and 83° days at the New Brunswick (Middlesex) NWS Cooperative station were the earliest days on record above 76°. Previously, the first day above that mark had been 83° on March 14, 1990. 82° is the average maximum at New Brunswick on June 19th!
Conditions cooled a bit on the 11th, with Cape May Courthouse (Cape May) and Woodbine (Cape May) topping the list at 71°. Mild weather returned on the 16th, when Cherry Hill (Camden) and Clayton (Gloucester) reached 72° and 11 other stations 70°–71°. Jersey City (Hudson) hit 72° on the 17th. Hamilton led the way with 75° on the 23rd, followed by Jersey City and Toms River at 74° and 41 stations between 70°–73°. Clayton got to 75° on the 24th and South Harrison (Gloucester) 74°, while near the northern coast, Howell (Monmouth) and Seaside Heights (Ocean) only reached 50° and 52°, respectively. Warmth was again more widespread on the 25th, with Jersey City and New Brunswick at 75° and 36 stations from 70°–74°. The 28th brought 70° to Sicklerville and Woodbine. The last day of March saw six stations reach 75° and 36 others from 70°–74°, while it only managed to get to 58° at Atlantic City Marina.
Precipitation and storms
There were not any NJ CoCoRaHS or NWS Cooperative stations that saw March totals approach 4.00”. Lacey Township (Ocean) managed to pick up 3.56”, tops in the state. Sea Isle City (Cape May) was close behind with 3.54”, followed by Berkeley Township with 3.37” and Egg Harbor Township (Atlantic) at 3.28”. On the short end were stations scattered around north Jersey. They included 0.79” at Bloomingdale (Passaic), Jefferson Township (Morris) at 0.84”, Oxford (Warren) at 0.89”, and Wantage and Hackettstown (Warren) each with 0.91”.
Monthly snow totals amounted to as much as 7.4” in Berkeley Township, followed by Estell Manor (Atlantic) and Freehold (Monmouth) each at 6.5”, Folsom (Atlantic) 6.1”, Howell 5.8”, and Wildwood Crest (Cape May) 5.5”.
Before the first rain of the month fell, fire fighters in Cumberland County had to deal with a fire in Maurice River Township that consumed about 75 acres on the 1st. Some widespread light rain early on the 2nd likely assisted fighting efforts a bit, though totals were generally only in the 0.25” range. The highest total was in Hillsborough (Somerset) with 0.44” at one station and 0.38” and 0.29” at two others. 0.41” fell in Montgomery (Somerset).
The morning of the 4th saw some rain, but mostly snow, fall across NJ. The heaviest totals were in coastal counties, mimicking the route of the Garden State Parkway. Of the four counties receiving at least 4.0” in one or more locations, larger totals included 6.5” in Cape May (Cape May) and 6.0” at Cape May Courthouse, 5.0” and 4.5” at two Estell Manor locations, 4.5” and 3.6” at two Toms River stations, and 4.4” in Howell. About 1.0”–2.0” fell in the NJ Turnpike corridor, with under an inch in the northwest. Rain and melted snow amounted to as much as 0.60” in Lavallette (Ocean), 0.57” at Lacey Township, and 0.48” at both Ocean City (Cape May) and Pine Beach (Ocean).
The largest monthly event totals fell from late on the 13th through the morning of the 15th. Again, the coastal counties took top honors, with Stafford Township (Ocean) coming in with 1.66”, Berkeley Township 1.63”, Lacey Township 1.60”, and Brick (Ocean) 1.43”. Also again, the northwest came up short, with only 0.17” at Montague (Sussex), Bloomingdale, and Jefferson Township.
Isolated brief thundershowers during late afternoon on the 16th and 17th brought a few tenths of an inch of rain to a few areas in north and central NJ (16th) and in the Morris County vicinity (17th). Pea size hail was observed on the 16th in Lawrence (Mercer), Hopewell (Mercer), and East Brunswick (Middlesex).
Another mixed snow and rain event that again targeted the Garden State Parkway corridor occurred from the afternoon of the 20th into the morning of the 21st. Three counties saw 2.0” or more in spots, led by Freehold and Upper Freehold (Monmouth) with 3.0” and 2.6”, respectively, followed by 2.5” at Folsom and 1.5”–2.3” at three Jackson (Ocean) locations. Rain and melted snow amounted to 0.67” in Ocean City, 0.62” and 0.49” at two Sea Isle City locations, and 0.52” at Lower Township (Cape May). Snow only accumulated over an inch southeast of the NJ Turnpike corridor up to and including Monmouth County. Nothing fell in the northwest.
Midday showers brought up to 0.50” to Point Pleasant Beach (Monmouth), 0.42” in Woodbine, and 0.38” at Port Republic (Atlantic) on the 25th. This was mainly a coastal and Interstate-78 corridor episode. The last event of the month, on the morning of the 28th, brought more than 0.50” to the southern third of the state, 0.25”–0.50” in central NJ, and less than 0.25” further north, except up to 0.50” right along the Delaware River. Berlin (Camden) caught 1.03”, followed by 0.89” in Sea Isle City, 0.85” at Wildwood Crest, and 0.78” in both Estell Manor and Middle Township (Cape May).
The month-long dry conditions in the north helped contribute to the spread of a 60-acre forest fire in Lebanon Township (Hunterdon) on the 30th into the morning of the 31st.
The highest pressure of the month was about 30.40” and occurred on the 26th, 27th, and 30th. Pressure near 29.45” on the 2nd was the low for March.
The month started off with two days of 40 mph plus wind gusts. High Point Monument reached 42 mph and Wantage 41 mph on the 1st. The 2nd saw the Monument up to 55 mph, Wantage 52 mph, and seven other NJWxNet stations between 40–42 mph. Mid-month found High Point Monument up to 40 mph on the 11th, and Harvey Cedars (Ocean) and Sea Girt (Monmouth) each at 40 mph on the 14th. High Point Monument gusted to 45 mph on the 17th, with Upper Deerfield (Cumberland) at 44 mph and four stations from 40–43 mph. Wantage hit 49 mph on the 19th, with four stations from 40–42 mph.
The Monument reached 44 mph on the 21st, with Wantage at 42 mph. The Monument topped out at 40 mph on the 25th. The second windiest month of the year thus far (just behind the January 23rd blizzard) occurred on the 28th. High Point Monument gusted to 58 mph, Wantage 53 mph, Sea Girt 52 mph, and Red Lion (Burlington) 50 mph. Peak gusts were between 40–49 mph at 22 NJWxNet stations. Before things calmed on the 29th, the Monument reached 48 mph, Wantage 47 mph, and seven stations topped out between 40–46 mph. Wantage reached 43 mph on the 31st and Chatham Township (Morris) 41 mph.
For those seeking more detailed information on hourly, daily and monthly conditions, please visit the following Office of the NJ State Climatologist's websites:
NJ Weather and Climate Network
NJ Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network
NJ Snow Event Reports
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